We all know that children develop some skills at different rates. While that is certainly true there are still developmental markers that children should attain by specific age ranges. Below is a short list of speech milestones to look for in children ages birth to three.
Birth to Three Months
- Coos and makes pleasure sounds
- Uses specific cries for different needs
- Smiles and/or calms when sees parent or hears them speak
4 to 6 Months
- Babbles using speech like patterns with different sounds, including m, b, and p
- Follows sounds with his or her eyes
- Vocalizes using coos, gurgles, and laughs
7 Months to 1 Year
- Turns head to look for sound
- Understands common words such as “cup,” “milk,” “dog”
- Uses some gestures to communicate like waving or putting hands up for “up.”
- Uses one or two words by 1 year of age
1 to 2 Years
- Follows simple commands like “Shut the door.”
- Acquires new words regularly, uses close to 50 words by age 2 and begins to put two words together
- Understands and points to several body parts
2 to 3 Years
- Has a word for almost everything
- Uses 2-3 word phrases
- Is approximately 70-80% intelligible by age 3
The National Institutes of Health offers a more extensive checklist for you to run through. It’s based upon How Does Your Child Hear and Talk?, courtesy of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
If you or a parent have any concerns about a child’s speech and language under 3, please contact the Early Learning Program today by calling 907.225.7825.